University of California Santa Cruz Police Department
UC Santa Cruz PD Policy Manual



Racial- or Bias-Based Profiling


This policy provides guidance to department members and establishes appropriate controls to ensure that members of the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department do not engage in racial- or bias-based profiling or violate any related laws while serving the community.



Definitions related to this policy include:

Racial- or bias-based profiling - An inappropriate reliance on factors such as race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation, economic status, age, cultural group, disability or affiliation with any other similar identifiable group as a factor in deciding whether to take law enforcement action or to provide service. This includes gender identity or expression (Penal Code § 13519.4).


402.2     POLICY

The University of California Santa Cruz Police Department is committed to providing law enforcement services to the community with due regard for the racial, cultural or other differences of those served. It is the policy of this department to provide law enforcement services and to enforce the law equally, fairly and without discrimination toward any individual or group.

Race, ethnicity or nationality, religion, sex, sexual orientation, economic status, age, cultural group, disability or affiliation with any other similar identifiable group shall not be used as the basis for providing differing levels of law enforcement service or the enforcement of the law.



Racial- or bias-based profiling is strictly prohibited. However, nothing in this policy is intended  to prohibit an officer from considering factors such as race or ethnicity in combination with other legitimate factors to establish reasonable suspicion or probable cause (e.g., suspect description is limited to a specific race or group).



Every member of this department shall perform his/her duties in a fair and objective manner and is responsible for promptly reporting any known instances of racial- or bias-based profiling to a supervisor.



Officers detaining a person shall be prepared to articulate sufficient reasonable suspicion to justify a detention, independent of the individual’s membership in a protected class.

To the extent that written documentation would otherwise be completed (e.g., arrest report, Field Interview (FI) card), the involved officer should include those facts giving rise to the officer’s reasonable suspicion or probable cause for the detention, as applicable. 

Nothing in this policy shall require any officer to document a contact that would not otherwise require reporting.



Each time an officer makes an enforcementstop, the officer shall provide demographic information (such as the age and race of the individual(s) contacted) prior to providing a disposition of the stop. The information reported to dispatch will be based on the information known to the officer.



Supervisors shall monitor those individuals under their command for any behavior that may conflict with the purpose of this policy and shall handle any alleged or observed violation of this policy in accordance with the Personnel Complaints Policy.

 (a) Supervisors should discuss any issues with the involved officer and his/her supervisor in a timely manner.

 (b) Supervisors should periodically review MAV recordings, MDC data and any other available resource used to document contact between officers and the public to ensure compliance with the policy.

  1. Supervisors should document these periodic reviews.
  2. Recordings that capture a potential instance of racial- or bias-based profiling should be appropriately retained for administrative investigation purposes.

 (c) Supervisors shall initiate investigations of any actual or alleged violations of this

 (d) Supervisors should ensure that no retaliatory action is taken against any member of this department who discloses information concerning racial- or bias-based profiling.



Each year, the Patrol Division Commander shall review the efforts of the Department to prevent racial- or bias-based profiling and submit an overview, including public concerns and complaints, to the Chief of Police.

This report should not contain any identifying information regarding any specific complaint, member of the public or officers. It should be reviewed by the Chief of Police to identify any changes in training or operations that should be made to improve service.

Supervisors shall review the annual report and discuss the results with those they are assigned to supervise.


402.8     TRAINING

Training on racial- or bias-based profiling and review of this policy should be conducted as directed by the Training Section.

 (a) All sworn members of this department will be scheduled to attend Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST)-approved training on the subject of racial- or bias- based profiling.

 (b) Pending participation in such POST-approved training and at all times, all members of this department are encouraged to familiarize themselves with and consider racial and cultural differences among members of this community.

 (c) Each sworn member of this department who received initial racial- or bias-based profiling training will thereafter be required to complete an approved refresher course every five years, or sooner if deemed necessary, in order to keep current with changing racial, identity and cultural trends (Penal Code § 13519.4(i)).



The Professional Standards Unit Manager shall ensure that all data required by the California Department of Justice (DOJ) regarding complaints of racial bias against officers is collected and provided to the Communications Manager for required reporting to the DOJ (Penal Code § 13012; Penal Code § 13020). See the Records Section Policy.




Policy 402 PDF