University of California Santa Cruz Police Department
UC Santa Cruz PD Policy Manual



Temporary Custody of Adults


This policy provides guidelines to address the health and safety of adults taken into temporary custody by members of the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department for processing prior to being released or transferred to a housing or other type of facility.

Temporary custody of juveniles is addressed in the Temporary Custody of Juveniles Policy. Juveniles will not be permitted where adults in custody are being held.

Custodial searches are addressed in the Custodial Searches Policy.


900.1.1     DEFINITIONS

Definitions related to this policy include:

Holding cell/cell - Any locked enclosure for the custody of an adult or any other enclosure    that prevents the occupants from being directly visually monitored at all times by a member of the Department.

Safety checks - Direct, visual observation by a member of this department performed at random intervals, within time frames prescribed in this policy, to provide for the health and welfare of adults in temporary custody.

Temporary custody - The time period an adult is in custody at the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department prior to being released or transported to a housing or other type of facility.


900.2     POLICY

The University of California Santa Cruz Police Department is committed to releasing adults  from temporary custody as soon as reasonably practicable, and to keeping adults safe while in temporary custody at the Department. Adults should be in temporary custody only for as long as reasonably necessary for investigation, processing, transfer or release.



No adult should be in temporary custody for longer than six hours.



Individuals who exhibit certain behaviors or conditions should not be in temporary custody at  the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department, but should be transported to a jail facility, a medical facility or other type of facility as appropriate. These include:

 (a) Any individual who is unconscious or has been unconscious while being taken into custody or while being transported.

 (b) Any individual who has a medical condition, including pregnancy, that may require medical attention, supervision or medication while in temporary custody.

 (c) Any individual who is seriously injured.

 (d) Individuals who are a suspected suicide risk (see the Mental Illness Commitments Policy).

  1. If the officer taking custody of an individual believes that he/she may be a suicide risk, the officer shall ensure continuous direct supervision until evaluation, release or a transfer to an appropriate facility is completed (15 CCR 1219).

 (e) Individuals who are obviously in crisis, as defined in the Crisis Intervention Incidents Policy.

 (f) Individuals who are under the influence of alcohol, a controlled substance or any substance to the degree that may require medical attention, or who have ingested any substance that poses a significant risk to their health, whether or not they appear intoxicated.

 (g) Any individual who has exhibited extremely violent or continuously violent behavior including behavior that results in the destruction of property or demonstrates an intent to cause physical harm to him/herself or others (15 CCR 1053; 15 CCR 1055).

 (h) Any individual who claims to have, is known to be afflicted with, or displays symptoms of any communicable disease that poses an unreasonable exposure risk (15 CCR 1051).

 (i) Any individual with a prosthetic or orthopedic device where removal of the device would be injurious to his/her health or safety.

 (j) Any individual who is obviously developmentally disabled (15 CCR 1057).

 (k) Any individual who appears to be a danger to him/herself or others due to a mental disorder, or who appears gravely disabled (15 CCR 1052).

 (l) Any individual who needs restraint beyond the use of handcuffs or shackles for security reasons (15 CCR 1058).

 (m) Any individual obviously suffering from drug or alcohol withdrawal (15 CCR 1213).

Officers taking custody of a person who exhibits any of the above conditions should notify a supervisor of the situation. These individuals should not be in temporary custody at the Department unless they have been evaluated by a qualified medical or mental health professional, as appropriate for the circumstances.



An authorized department member capable of supervising shall be present at all times when an individual is held in temporary custody. The member responsible for supervising should not have other duties that could unreasonably conflict with his/her supervision. Any individual in custody must be able to summon the supervising member if needed. If the person in custody is deaf or hard of hearing or cannot speak, accommodations shall be made to provide this ability (15 CCR 1027).

At least one female department member should be present when a female adult is in temporary custody. In the event that none is readily available, the female in custody should be transported to another facility or released pursuant to another lawful process (15 CCR 1027).

Absent exigent circumstances, such as a medical emergency or a violent subject, members should not enter the cell of a person of the opposite sex unless a member of the same sex as the person in custody is present (Penal Code § 4021).

No individual in custody shall be permitted to supervise, control or exert any authority over other individuals in custody.


900.3.3     STAFFING PLAN

The Chief of Police or the authorized designee shall ensure a staffing plan is prepared and maintained, indicating assigned personnel and their duties. The plan should ensure that at least one member who meets the training standards established by the Corrections Standards Authority (CSA) for general fire- and life-safety and is trained in fire- and life-safety procedures relating specifically to the facility is on-duty at all times (15 CCR 1028).

The staffing plan shall be available for biennial review by CSA staff. The review and recommendations of the CSA biennial review shall be forwarded to the University of California, as required by 15 CCR 1027.



Entry into any location where a person is held in custody should be restricted to:

 (a) Authorized members entering for official business purposes.

 (b) Emergency medical personnel when necessary.

 (c) Any other person authorized by the Shift Supervisor.

When practicable, more than one authorized member should be present for entry into a location where a person is held in custody for security purposes and to witness interactions.



The officer responsible for an individual in temporary custody should evaluate the person for any apparent chronic illness, disability, vermin infestation, possible communicable disease or any other potential risk to the health or safety of the individual or others. The officer should specifically ask if the individual is contemplating suicide and evaluate him/her for obvious signs or indications of suicidal intent.

The receiving officer should ask the arresting officer if there is any statement, indication or evidence surrounding the individual's arrest and transportation that would reasonably indicate the individual is at risk for suicide or critical medical care. If there is any suspicion that the individual may be suicidal, he/she shall be transported to the University of California jail or the appropriate mental health facility.

The officer should promptly notify the Shift Supervisor of any conditions that may warrant immediate medical attention or other appropriate action. The Shift Supervisor shall determine whether the individual will be placed in a cell, immediately released or transported to jail or other facility.



The officer responsible for an individual in custody shall (15 CCR 1050):

 (a) Advise the Shift Supervisor of any significant risks presented by the individual (e.g., suicide risk, health risk, violence).

 (b) Evaluate the following issues against the stated risks in (a) to determine the need for placing the individual in a single cell:

  1. Consider whether the individual may be at a high risk of being sexually abused based on all available known information (28 CFR 115.141), or whether the person is facing any other identified risk.
  2. Provide any individual identified as being at a high risk for sexual or other victimization with heightened protection. This may include (28 CFR 115.113; 28 CFR 115.141):

 (a) Continuous, direct sight and sound supervision.

 (b) Single-cell placement in a cell that is actively monitored on video by a member who is available to immediately intervene.

  1. Ensure individuals are separated according to severity of the crime (e.g., felony or misdemeanor).
  2. Ensure males and females are separated by sight and sound when in cells.
  3. Ensure restrained individuals are not placed in cells with unrestrained individuals.

 (c) Ensure that those confined under civil process or for civil causes are kept separate from those who are in temporary custody pending criminal charges.

 (d) Ensure separation, as appropriate, based on other factors, such as age, criminal sophistication, assaultive/non-assaultive behavior, mental state, disabilities and sexual orientation.



Consular  notification  may  be  mandatory  when  certain   foreign   nationals   are  arrested. The Patrol Division Commander will ensure that the U.S. Department of State’s list of countries and jurisdictions that require mandatory notification is readily available to department members. There should also be a published list of foreign embassy and consulate telephone and fax numbers, as well as standardized notification forms that can be transmitted and then retained for documentation. Prominently displayed signs informing foreign nationals of their rights related to consular notification should also be posted in areas used for the temporary custody of adults.

Department members assigned to process a foreign national shall:

 (a) Inform the individual, without delay, that he/she may have his/her consular officers notified of the arrest or detention and may communicate with them.

  1. This notification should be documented.

 (b) Determine whether the foreign national’s country is on the U.S. Department of State’s mandatory notification list.

  1. If the country is on the mandatory notification list, then:

(a) Notify the country’s nearest embassy or consulate of the arrest or detention by fax or telephone.

(b) Tell the individual that this notification has been made and inform him/her without delay that he/she may communicate with consular officers.

(c) Forward any communication from the individual to his/her consular officers without delay.

(d) Document all notifications to the embassy or consulate and retain the faxed notification and any fax confirmation for the individual’s file.

  1. If the country is not on the mandatory notification list and the individual requests that his/her consular officers be notified, then:

(a) Notify the country’s nearest embassy or consulate of the arrest or detention by fax or telephone.

(b) Forward any communication from the individual to his/her consular officers without delay.




Any time an individual is in temporary custody at the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department, the custody shall be promptly and properly documented in a custody log, including:

 (a) Identifying information about the individual, including his/her name.

 (b) Date and time of arrival at the Department.

 (c) Any charges for which the individual is in temporary custody and any case number.

 (d) Time of all safety checks (15 CCR 1027).

 (e) Any medical and other screening requested and completed.

 (f) Any emergency situations or unusual incidents.

 (g) Any other information that may be required by other authorities, such as compliance inspectors.

 (h) Date and time of release from the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department.

The Shift Supervisor should initial the log to approve the temporary custody and should also initial the log when the individual is released from custody or transferred to another facility.

The Shift Supervisor should make periodic checks to ensure all log entries and safety and security checks are made on time.



Members monitoring or processing anyone in temporary custody shall ensure:

 (a) Safety checks and significant incidents/activities are noted on the log.

 (b) Individuals in custody are informed that they will be monitored at all times, except when using the toilet.

  1. There shall be no viewing devices, such as peep holes or mirrors, of which the individual is not aware.
  2. This does not apply to surreptitious and legally obtained recorded interrogations.

 (c) There is reasonable access to toilets and wash basins.

 (d) There is reasonable access to a drinking fountain or water.

 (e) There are reasonable opportunities to stand and stretch, particularly if handcuffed or otherwise restrained.

 (f) There is privacy during attorney visits.

 (g) Those in temporary custody are generally permitted to remain in their personal clothing unless it is taken as evidence or is otherwise unsuitable or inadequate for continued wear while in custody.

 (h) Clean blankets are provided as reasonably necessary to ensure the comfort of an individual.

  1. The supervisor should ensure that there is an adequate supply of clean blankets.

 (i) Adequate shelter, heat, light and ventilation are provided without compromising security or enabling escape.

 (j) Adequate furnishings are available, including suitable chairs or benches.


900.5.3     MEDICAL CARE

First-aid equipment and basic medical supplies should be available to department members (15 CCR 1220). At least one member who has current certification in basic first aid and CPR should be on-duty at all times.

Should a person in custody be injured or become ill, appropriate medical assistance should be sought. A supervisor should meet with those providing medical aid at the facility to allow access to the person. Members shall comply with the opinion of medical personnel as to whether an individual in temporary custody should be transported to the hospital. If the person is transported while still in custody, he/she will be accompanied by an officer.

Those who require medication while in temporary custody should not be at the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department. They should be released or transferred to another facility as appropriate.



Subject to safety and security concerns, individuals shall be permitted to retain an orthopedic or prosthetic appliance. However, if the member supervising the individual has probable cause to believe the possession of the appliance presents a risk of bodily harm to any person or is a risk to the security of the facility, the appliance may be removed from the individual unless its removal would be injurious to his/her health or safety.

Whenever a prosthetic or orthopedic appliance is removed, the Shift Supervisor shall be promptly apprised of the reason. It shall be promptly returned when it reasonably appears that any risk no longer exists (Penal Code § 2656; 15 CCR 1207).



Immediately upon being booked and, except where physically impossible, no later than three hours after arrest, an individual in custody has the right to make at least three completed calls  to an attorney, bail bondsman, and a relative or other person (Penal Code § 851.5). Additional calls may be made as reasonable and necessary (15 CCR 1067). In providing further access to a telephone beyond that required by Penal Code § 851.5, legitimate law enforcement interests such as officer safety, effect on ongoing criminal investigations and logistics should be balanced against the individual’s desire for further telephone access.

 (a) Telephone calls may be limited to local calls, except that long-distance calls may be made by the individual at his/her own expense.

  1. The Department should pay the cost of any long-distance calls related to arranging for the care of a child or dependent adult (see the Child and Dependent Adult Safety Policy).
  2. The provisions of Penal Code § 851.5 concerning this issue shall be posted in bold, block type in a conspicuous place within the facility.

 (b) The individual should be given sufficient time to contact whomever he/she desires and to make any necessary arrangements, including child or dependent adult care, or transportation upon release.

  1. Telephone calls are not intended to be lengthy conversations. The member assigned to monitor or process the individual may use his/her judgment in determining the duration of the calls.
  2. Within three hours of the arrest, the member supervising the individual should inquire whether the individual is a custodial parent with responsibility for a minor child, and notify the individual that he/she may make two additional telephone calls to a relative or other person for the purpose of arranging for the care of minor children (Penal Code § 851.5).

 (c) Calls between an individual in temporary custody and his/her attorney shall be deemed confidential and shall not be monitored, eavesdropped upon or recorded (Penal Code § 851.5(b)(1); 15 CCR 1068).



Subject to available resources, safety and security, the religious beliefs and needs of all individuals in custody should be reasonably accommodated (15 CCR 1072). Requests for religious accommodation should generally be granted unless there is a compelling security or safety reason and denying the request is the least restrictive means available to ensure security or safety.  The responsible supervisor should be advised any time a request for religious accommodation is denied.

Those who request to wear headscarves or simple head coverings for religious reasons should generally be accommodated absent unusual circumstances. Head coverings shall be searched before being worn.

Individuals wearing headscarves or other approved coverings shall not be required to remove them while in the presence of or while visible to the opposite sex if they so desire. Religious garments that substantially cover the individual’s head and face may be temporarily removed during the taking of any photographs.



Firearms and other weapons and control devices shall not be permitted in secure areas where individuals are in custody or are processed. They should be properly secured outside of the secure area. An exception may occur only during emergencies, upon approval of a supervisor.

All perimeter doors to secure areas shall be kept locked at all times, except during routine cleaning, when no individuals in custody are present or in the event of an emergency, such as an evacuation.



In addition to a custody log entry, any incident that results in physical harm or serious threat of physical harm to a member, person in custody or any other person shall be documented as stated in the Use of Force or On-Duty Injuries policies, or other applicable reporting process. A copy of all reports generated regarding the above circumstances shall be submitted as soon as reasonably practicable. The Shift Supervisor will retain a record of these reports for inspection purposes (15 CCR 1044).



 (a) An attorney may visit at the request of the individual in custody or a relative (Penal Code § 825).

 (b) Attorneys and bail bondsmen who need to interview an individual in custody should do so inside a secure interview room.

 (c) The individual in custody as well as the attorney or bail bondsman should be searched for weapons prior to being admitted to the interview room and at the conclusion of the interview.

 (d) Attorneys must produce a current California Bar card as well as other matching appropriate identification.

 (e) Interviews between attorneys and their clients shall not be monitored or recorded (15 CCR 1068).


900.5.10     DISCIPLINE

Discipline will not be administered to any individual in custody at this facility. Any individual in custody who repeatedly fails to follow directions or facility rules should be transported to the appropriate jail, mental health facility or hospital as soon as practicable. Such conduct should be documented and reported to the receiving facility (15 CCR 1081).



Individuals in custody may be handcuffed in accordance with the Handcuffing and Restraints Policy. Unless an individual presents a heightened risk, handcuffs should generally be removed when the person is in a cell.

The use of restraints, other than handcuffs or leg irons, generally should not be used for individuals in temporary custody at the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department unless the person presents a heightened risk, and only in compliance with the Handcuffing and Restraints Policy.

Individuals in restraints shall be kept away from other unrestrained individuals in custody and monitored to protect them from abuse.



Women who are known to be pregnant should be restrained in accordance with the Handcuffing and Restraints Policy.



In cases of University of Californiawide or regional disasters, the Shift Supervisor may authorize the release of prisoners detained for misdemeanors or felonies involving property crimes only. Every available effort will be made to continue the custody of violent felons or felons accused of violent crimes to ensure the safety of the public.



The personal property of an individual in temporary custody should be removed, inventoried  and processed as provided in the Custodial Searches Policy, unless the individual requests a different disposition. For example, an individual may request property (i.e., cash, car or house keys, medications) be released to another person. A request for the release of property to another person must be made in writing. Release of the property requires the recipient’s signature on the appropriate form.

Upon release of an individual from temporary custody, his/her items of personal property shall be compared with the inventory, and he/she shall sign a receipt for the property's return. If the individual is transferred to another facility or court, the member transporting the individual is required to obtain the receiving person’s signature as notice of receipt. The Department shall maintain a copy of the property receipt.

The Shift Supervisor shall be notified whenever an individual alleges that there is a shortage or discrepancy regarding his/her property. The Shift Supervisor shall attempt to prove or disprove the claim.



A thorough inspection of a cell shall be conducted before placing an individual into the cell to ensure there are no weapons or contraband and that the cell is clean and sanitary. An inspection also should be conducted when he/she is released. Any damage noted to the cell should be photographed and documented.

The following requirements shall apply:

 (a) The individual shall be searched (see the Custodial Searches Policy), and anything that could create a security or suicide risk, such as contraband, hazardous items, belts, shoes or shoelaces and jackets, shall be removed.

 (b) The individual shall constantly be monitored by an audio/video system during the entire custody.

 (c) The individual shall have constant auditory access to department members.

 (d) The individual’s initial placement into and removal from a locked enclosure shall be logged.

 (e) Safety checks by department members shall occur no less than every 15 minutes.

  1. Safety checks should be at varying times.
  2. All safety checks shall be logged.
  3. The safety check should involve questioning the individual as to his/her well- being.
  4. Individuals who are sleeping or apparently sleeping should be awakened.
  5. Requests or concerns of the individual should be logged.



Inmates who are to be held in the temporary holding facility and who present a threat to their own safety or the safety of others due to their state of intoxication should be placed in a sobering cell until their condition allows for continued processing.

The following guidelines apply when placing any inmate in a sobering cell (15 CCR 1056):

 (a) Placement of an inmate into the cell requires approval of the Shift Supervisor.

 (b) A cell log shall be initiated every time an inmate is placed in the cell. The log shall be maintained for the entire time the inmate is housed in the cell.

 (c) A safety check consisting of direct visual observation sufficient to assess the inmate’s well-being and behavior shall occur at least once every 30 minutes. Each safety check shall be documented in the cell log. Supervisors shall check the logs for completeness every two hours and document this action on the cell log.

 (d) Under no circumstances shall an inmate be held in a sobering cell for more than six hours without being evaluated by qualified medical personnel to ensure that the inmate does not have an urgent medical issue.

 (e) Inmates will be removed from the cell when they no longer pose a threat to their own safety and the safety of others, and are able to continue processing.



The Patrol Division Commander will ensure procedures are in place to address any suicide attempt, death or serious injury of any individual in temporary custody at the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department. The procedures should include the following:

 (a) Immediate request for emergency medical assistance if appropriate.

 (b) Immediate      notification      of      the      Shift      Supervisor,      Chief      of      Police and Investigation Division Commander.

 (c) Notification of the spouse, next of kin or other appropriate person.

 (d) Notification of the appropriate prosecutor.

 (e) Notification of the University Counsel.

 (f) Notification of the Coroner.

 (g) Evidence preservation.

 (h) In-custody death reviews (15 CCR 1046).

 (i) Notification to the Attorney General within 10 days of any death in custody including any reasonably known facts concerning the death (Government Code § 12525).



When an individual is released or transferred from custody, the member releasing the individual should ensure the following:

 (a) All proper reports, forms and logs have been completed prior to release.

 (b) A check has been made to ensure that the individual is not reported as missing and does not have outstanding warrants.

 (c) It has been confirmed that the correct individual is being released or transported.

 (d) All property, except evidence, contraband or dangerous weapons, has been returned to, or sent with, the individual.

 (e) All pertinent documentation accompanies the individual being transported to another facility (e.g., copies of booking forms, medical records, an itemized list of his/her property, warrant copies).

 (f) The individual is not permitted in any nonpublic areas of the University of California Santa Cruz Police Department unless escorted by a member of the Department.

 (g) Any known threat or danger the individual may pose (e.g., escape risk, suicide potential, medical condition) is documented, and the documentation transported with the individual if he/she is being sent to another facility.

  1. The department member transporting the individual shall ensure such risks are communicated to intake personnel at the other facility.

 (h) Generally, persons of the opposite sex, or adults and juveniles, should not be transported in the same vehicle unless they are physically separated by a solid barrier. If segregating individuals is not practicable, officers should be alert to inappropriate physical or verbal contact and take appropriate action as necessary.

 (i) Transfers between facilities or other entities, such as a hospital, should be accomplished with a custodial escort of the same sex as the person being transferred to assist with his/her personal needs as reasonable.



The Patrol Division Commander will ensure any reasonably necessary supplemental procedures are in place to address the following issues (15 CCR 1029):

 (a) General security

 (b) Key control

 (c) Sanitation and maintenance

 (d) Emergency medical treatment (15 CCR 1200)

 (e) Escapes

 (f) Evacuation plans

 (g) Fire- and life-safety, including a fire suppression pre-plan as required by 15 CCR 1032

 (h) Disaster plans

 (i) Building and safety code compliance

 (j) Civil and other disturbances including hostage situations

 (k) Periodic testing of emergency equipment

 (l) Emergency suspension of Title 15 regulations and notice to the Board of State and Community Corrections as required in 15 CCR 1012

 (m) Inspections and operations reviews

Annual review and evaluation of security measures including internal and external security measures, sanitation, safety and maintenance (15 CCR 1280).

These supplemental procedures shall be reviewed and updated no less than every two years and shall be available to all members (15 CCR 1029).


900.12     TRAINING

Department members should be trained and familiar with this policy and any supplemental procedures.

Department members responsible for supervising adults in temporary custody shall complete the Corrections Officer Core Course or eight hours of specialized training within six months of assignment. Such training shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

 (a) Applicable minimum jail standards

 (b) Jail operations liability

 (c) Inmate segregation

 (d) Emergency procedures and planning

 (e) Suicide prevention

Eight hours of refresher training shall be completed once every two years (15 CCR 1024). The Training Sergeant shall maintain records of all such training in the member’s training file.




Policy 900 PDF